Paris School of Economics - École d'Économie de Paris

La science économique au service de la société

SANTE - Analyse économique des politiques de santé : Questions d’efficacité et équité

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Everything you need to know about the Health programme 2018 is in the dedicated brochure : download this document (pdf format) with all the courses objectives, topics, structure and references.
June 25th > June 29th

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OVERVIEW

… I have begun to be somewhat merry because I have been told that that is good for one’s health.” (Voltaire, Letter to the Abbé Trublet, 1761)

This program is designed to provide an overview of facts, questions, and models at the frontier of research in health economics and economics of well-being. Health and well-being are closely related concepts. Indeed, economists often use self-reported measures of well-being as a proxy for utility. In this approach, well-being is considered as an aggregate of satisfactions in several domains, including mental and physical health, but also income, social life, housing, and leisure, in particular. Interestingly, among these domains, people give a disproportionate weight to health and income in well-being. For this reason, health and well-being need to be studied together.

Instructors will develop the following topics, centered on health and well-being : measurement of health and well-being, the relationship between economic circumstances, health, and well-being, and policies promoting health and well-being.

The first sessions will adopt a broad perspective, focusing on well-being. After showing that well-being can be measured in several ways, we will pay particular attention to one of them : subjective well-being. We will discuss its measurement and validity and analyze the correlates of well-being. Moreover, we will look at how well-being varies with economic conditions, emphasizing the relative nature of well-being.

The next sessions will take a narrower approach centered on health. We will first introduce participants to some basic facts regarding health and health expenditures (using cross-national and historical data) and to some central research questions (“What are the determinants of the increase of life expectancy ?” in particular). We will then focus on the measurement of health and discuss the similarities and the differences between measures of well-being and measures of health, especially of mental health. We will discuss the reliability and validity of some health measures. The individual and social value of health will also be considered. Finally, the connection between economic conditions and health (the so-called “social health inequality”) will be examined, as we will try to quantify the causal impact of income on health.

In the following sessions, we will focus on the formulation of policies aiming at improving health and well-being. After discussing the potential causal relationships underlying the existence of the health gradient, we will present public policies which aim to improve population health. We will also highlight the normative basis of policies (i.e. the value judgments behind policies). Two sessions will take a detailed look at two current policy debates : pricing policies to promote healthy food and drinks, and competition policies in healthcare markets.

Finally, the last session will be devoted to new strands of study on health and well-being, including the use of new type of data (genetic data, biomarkers, big data, for instance) and the emergence of new research topics (social isolation in particular).

WORKSHOP

Participants will have the opportunity to submit work to be presented and discussed by fellow participants and faculty at the end of each day

PREREQUISITES

Graduates in Economics with strong theoretical and empirical skills.

PROFESSORS

  • Bénédicte Apouey is a Research Professor in Health Economics at the PSE. She received her PhD from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris in 2009 and was then awarded the Young Economist award from the European Economic Association. Her research focuses on social health inequalities, including the origins of disparities in childhood and the social determinants of healthy ageing. Current specific research interests include the longitudinal effect of parental socioeconomic status on child health using cohort data, as well as the impact of wealth on health among the elderly. https://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/en/apouey-benedicte/
  • Andrew Clark is a Full Research Professor at the PSE and he holds research positions at IZA and LSE. He received his PhD at the LSE in 1989 and previously held posts in Dartmouth, Essex, the University of Orléans and the OECD. His work is at the interface of Economics, Psychology and Sociology. His research interests are applied microeconomics and modeling the utility function (comparisons and habituation, social interactions and social learning). Among others, he has published in Review of Economics and Statistics, Economic Journal, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Public Economics and Journal of Health Economics.https://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/en/clark-andrew/
  • Fabrice Etilé is a Full Research Professor at the PSE and the French National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA). He is mainly interested in risky health behavior (obesity and food-related diseases, addictive goods), with a specific focus on the analysis of consumer behavior and the econometric evaluation of public policies. He has published in leading academic journals such as Economic Journal, Journal of Health Economics, Economics and Human Biology and Health Economics. https://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/en/etile-fabrice/
  • Pierre-Yves Geoffard is the Director of the PSE and is also a Full Research Professor at CNRS and at the “Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales” (EHESS). His main research areas are in the economic analysis of health policy and in risk and insurance economics. His research has been published in leading academic journals such as Econometrica, American Economic Review, Biometrika, Journal of Economic Theory, International Economic Review, RAND Journal of Economics, and Journal of Health Economics. He received a best paper award in 2009 for an article published in Health Economics. He has also been an Associate Editor of Health Economics and a member of the National AIDS Council (France) over recent years. https://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/en/geoffard-pierre-yves/
  • Daniel Herrera-Araujo was awarded his PhD by the Toulouse School of Economics in 2015 and then joined the health economics research chair (Hospinnomics) at the PSE as researcher. His interests lie in health, industrial organization, and environment. He is currently working on the impact of hospital mergers and acquisitions in France and on the valuation of small mortality risk reductions using novel methods. https://www.parisschoolofeconomics.eu/en/herrera-daniel/

Programme Supervisor : Bénédicte Apouey

SCHEDULE

Monday June, 25th
8.30 am - 9 am Welcome coffee
9.15 am - 10.30 am Andrew Clark, The Measurement and Validity of Well-Being
10.30 am - 10.45 am Break
10.45 am - 12 pm Andrew Clark, The Measurement and Validity of Well-Being
12 pm - 1.15 pm Lunch
1.15 pm - 2.30 pm Andrew Clark, Happiness and the Easterlin Paradox
2.30 pm - 2.45 pm Break
2.45 pm - 4 pm Andrew Clark, Happiness and the Easterlin Paradox
4 pm - 4.15 pm Break
4.15 pm - 5.30 pm Workshop (Andrew Clark, Pierre-Yves Geoffard)
5.30 pm – 6.30 pm Thomas Piketty, Plenary Lecture
From 6.30 pm Welcome cocktail

Tuesday June, 26th
9.15 am - 10.30 am Pierre-Yves Geoffard, Health, Healthcare
10.30 am - 10.45 am Break
10.45 am - 12 pm Bénédicte Apouey, The Measurement of Health
12 pm - 1.15 pm Lunch
1.15 pm - 2.30 pm Pierre-Yves Geoffard, The Value of Health
2.30 pm - 2.45 pm Break
2.45 pm - 4 pm Bénédicte Apouey, Social Health Inequalities
4 pm - 4.15 pm Break
4.15 pm - 5.30 pm Workshop (Andrew Clark, Fabrice Etilé)
From 6 pm Social Event

Wednesday June, 27th
9.15 am - 10.30 am Bénédicte Apouey, Social Health Inequalities
10.30 am - 10.45 am Break
10.45 am - 12 pm Bénédicte Apouey, Social Health Inequalities
12 pm - 1.15 pm Lunch
1.15 pm - 2.30 pm Pierre-Yves Geoffard, Health Policy Design
2.30 pm - 2.45 pm Break
2.45 pm - 4 pm Pierre-Yves Geoffard, Health Policy Design
4 pm - 4.15 pm Break
4.15 pm - 5.30 pm Workshop (Bénédicte Apouey, Pierre-Yves Geoffard)

Thursday June, 28th
9.15 am - 10.30 am Fabrice Etilé, Political Economy of Food Taxation
10.30 am - 10.45 am Break
10.45 am - 12 pm Fabrice Etilé, Political Economy of Food Taxation
12 pm - 1.15 pm Lunch
1.15 pm - 2.30 pm Fabrice Etilé, Political Economy of Food Taxation
2.30 pm - 2.45 pm Break
2.45 pm - 4 pm Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Healthcare markets, competition policy, and industrial organization
4 pm - 4.15 pm Break
4.15 pm - 5.30 pm Workshop (Bénédicte Apouey, Fabrice Etilé, Daniel Herrera-Araujo)
From 6.15 pm Social Event

Friday June, 29th
9.15 am - 10.30 am Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Healthcare Markets, Competition Policy, and Industrial Organization
10.30 am - 10.45 am Break
10.45 am - 12 pm Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Healthcare Markets, Competition Policy, and Industrial Organization
12 pm - 1.15 pm Lunch
1.15 pm - 2.30 pm Daniel Herrera-Araujo, Healthcare Markets, Competition Policy, and Industrial Organization
2.30 pm - 2.45 pm Break
2.45 pm - 4 pm Andrew Clark, Future Developments in Well-Being and Health Research
4 pm - 4.15 pm Break
4.15 pm - 5.30 pm Workshop (Bénédicte Apouey, Andrew Clark, Fabrice Etilé, Daniel Herrera-Araujo)
From 6 pm Farewell cocktail/certificates


  • Participant profiles, Fees, application file and deadline... How to apply ?
  • The complete 2018 brochure is available in pdf (114 pages, 16 Mo)
  • You’ve chosen this programme and you want to apply ? Go directly to the website www.pse-application.eu
  • Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact us directly : summer-school psemail.eu