Paris School of Economics - École d'Économie de Paris

La science économique au service de la société

SANTE - Analyse économique des politiques de santé : questions d’efficacité et équité

JPEG - 3.3 ko

Coming soon - Everything you need to know about the 2019 Health programme will be in the dedicated brochure (courses objectives, topics, structure and references). However, overview, prequisites and Professors are updated and available below.

  • You wish to receive the brochure as soon as it is released ? Do you have any questions regarding this programme ? summer-school

From June 24 to June 28, 2019

JPEG - 276.1 ko


… I have begun to be somewhat merry because I have been told that that is good for one’s health.” (Voltaire, Letter to the Abbé Trublet, 1761)

Subjective data have become increasingly popular in economic research and policy. This program is designed to provide an overview of self-reported data on health and well-being, at the frontier of research in health and happiness economics. Individual health and well-being measures are closely related. Indeed, people give a disproportionate weight to health in their general level of well-being, compared to other domains such as housing or social life. Moreover, the measures most used by researchers to capture health and well-being in surveys are ordinal scales, and similar methods may thus be employed to study health and well-being. This program thus suggests to study health and well-being measures together and addresses the following set of questions. What is the relationship between health and well-being ? How is big data changing academic research on health and well-being ? Do economic conditions influence health and well-being ?

The first modules introduce the measurement of health and well-being. While well-being can be measured in several ways, we will pay particular attention to one of them : subjective well-being. Measurement and validity issues will thus be discussed. The correlates of well-being, in particular physiological measures, will be presented. The next lecture will concentrate on the measurement of health using mortality and morbidity measures (subjective health, genetic data, and biomarkers). Psychometric measures for health and well-being will be also be presented. The possibilities of big data (administrative data and Google trends, among others) in assessing health and well-being will also be discussed. Because estimating causal impacts has become the gold standard in economic analysis, identification strategies for ordinal data will then be reviewed. Finally, empirical applications will present evidence on the relationship between economic conditions and health/well-being. Indeed, the main result of the economics of happiness literature is the so-called Easterlin paradox : average self-declared happiness does not increase during periods of sustained income growth, but income is positively correlated with subjective well-being in cross-sectional data. We will present the two mechanisms underlying the paradox, i.e. adaptation and comparison, that reduce or eliminate the benefits of income growth. Second, the connection between economic conditions and health (the so-called “social health inequality”) will be examined, as we will discuss the causal impact of income on health.


  • Theme I : Measurement and validity of well-being and health (instructor : Andrew Clark, Bénédicte Apouey, Pierre-Yves Geoffard, Fabrice Etilé)
  • Theme II : Big data and assessment of health and well-being (instructors : Pierre-Yves Geoffard and Claudia Senik)
  • Theme III : Identification strategies for ordinal variables (instructor : Fabrice Etilé)
  • Theme IV : Income and subjective well-being (instructors : Andrew Clark and Claudia Senik)
  • Theme V : Income and health : social health inequalities (instructor : Bénédicte Apouey)


Daily workshops will complement the lectures. Students will have the opportunity to submit work to be presented and discussed by fellow students and faculty in workshops. On each day, we will organize an interactive 1 hour 15 minutes workshop with faculty and students, around specific research papers and policy questions. Participants will have the opportunity to submit a research paper in May to be presented at these workshops.


Graduates in Economics with strong theoretical and empirical skills.


  • Bénédicte Apouey is a Research Professor in Health Economics at the PSE. She received her PhD from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris in 2009 and was then awarded the Young Economist award from the European Economic Association. Her research focuses on social health inequalities, including the origins of disparities in childhood and the social determinants of healthy ageing. Current specific research interests include the longitudinal effect of parental socioeconomic status on child health using cohort data, as well as the impact of wealth on health among the elderly.
  • Andrew Clark is a Full Research Professor at the PSE and he holds research positions at IZA and LSE. He received his PhD at the LSE in 1989 and previously held posts in Dartmouth, Essex, the University of Orléans and the OECD. His work is at the interface of Economics, Psychology and Sociology. His research interests are applied microeconomics and modeling the utility function (comparisons and habituation, social interactions and social learning). Among others, he has published in Review of Economics and Statistics, Economic Journal, Journal of Economic Literature, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Public Economics and Journal of Health Economics.
  • Fabrice Etilé is a Full Research Professor at the PSE and the French National Institute for Agronomic Research (INRA). He is mainly interested in risky health behavior (obesity and food-related diseases, addictive goods), with a specific focus on the analysis of consumer behavior and the econometric evaluation of public policies. He has published in leading academic journals such as Economic Journal, Journal of Health Economics, Economics and Human Biology and Health Economics.
  • Pierre-Yves Geoffard is the Director of the PSE and is also a Full Research Professor at CNRS and at the “Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales” (EHESS). His main research areas are in the economic analysis of health policy and in risk and insurance economics. His research has been published in leading academic journals such as Econometrica, American Economic Review, Biometrika, Journal of Economic Theory, International Economic Review, RAND Journal of Economics, and Journal of Health Economics. He received a best paper award in 2009 for an article published in Health Economics. He has also been an Associate Editor of Health Economics and a member of the National AIDS Council (France) over recent years.
  • Claudia Senik is a Full Professor at the PSE and University Paris-Sorbonne and a Research Fellow at IZA. Her main research interests lie in the micro-econometric analysis of income distribution and subjective well-being. She uses cross-cultural comparative methods and incorporates big data in her analysis of happiness. Her research has been published in the Economic Journal, the Review of Economics and Statistics, Social Science and Medicine, the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, and Economica, among others.

Programme Supervisor : Bénédicte Apouey

  • Participant profiles, Fees, application file and deadline... How to apply ?
  • (archives) The complete 2018 brochure is available in pdf (114 pages, 16 Mo)
  • You’ve chosen this programme and you want to apply ? Go directly to the website
  • Should you have any questions, please feel free to contact us directly : summer-school