La science économique au service de la société
Benjamin Michallet

Benjamin Michallet



Campus Jourdan – 48 Boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris

6e étage, bureau 42

  • Démographie et migrations
  • Économie politique et institutions
  • Politiques publiques
  • Croissance et développement durable



2020-2022 Survey on the Origin and Prospects of Refugees in France.

Rapoport, H., Michallet, B., & Schneider-Strawczynski, S. (2022). Survey on the origin and perspectives of refugees in France.

2021 Pilot of the randomised controlled trial of the "ALLERO" refugee integration scheme.

funded by the Directorate for Research, Studies and Statistics of the Ministry of Labour.  



  • Fluctuat et mergiture: humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean, attitudes towards migrants and self-reported welfare when boats capsize. Evidence from Germany. (working paper coming soon).

Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) and evidence from ship capsizings, this paper finds that exposure to shocking images of the humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean increases the probability of being highly concerned about immigration to Germany by almost 20 percent. At the same time, the probability of being very concerned about hostility towards foreigners increases by 15 percent, thus opening the discussion on the average impact of the crisis on attitudes towards immigration in Germany. Overall, only people with an immigrant background suffer from a decrease in well-being, an effect that is heterogeneous according to their level of integration.

  • The effects of a renewed approach to refugee integration on access to employment: an evaluation of the ALLERO programme of the Mission Locale de Paris.

with Zoé Derré (ICM) and Marine Haddad (Ined)

We evaluate the project "Accueil, Linguistique, Logement, Emploi, Réseau et Outils" (ALLERO) of the Mission Locale de Paris, a French public operator in charge of bringing young people closer to employment. The objective of this programme is to offer rapid access to employment to asylum seekers with the right to work and refugees through a comprehensive approach to support. We take advantage of a quasi-random assignment to the programme and the matching of these data with labour market data to measure the impact of the programme on integration in terms of employment.


  • Origin and Prospects of Refugees in France (OPReF): survey and evaluation of public policies.

with Maxime Pirot (DARES), Max Molaro (CEPR) and Hillel Rapoport (PSE - UP1), draft available upon request.

We evaluate two French public policies based on the largest ever survey of refugees in France, "Origin et Prospect of Refugees in France" (OPReF), recently completed by the Paris School of Economics (PSE). OPReF provides a representative view of the refugee population in France who benefits from accommodation in the national scheme (DNA). We give a first overview of the main results of this survey, which interviewed 2632 refugees throughout metropolitan France, excluding Corsica. Then, we take advantage of discontinuity in the assignment procedure of two public policies, the first one on the time of the asylum application procedure, the second one on the access to a monetary transfer (the RSA), to evaluate their effect on the refugees' well-being, an essential aspect for integration. Using the regression discontinuity method, we find that time spent waiting for refugee status recognition has negative effects on well-being. However, we are not able to identify the effect of RSA and we present discussions on potential confounding factors.


  • I Will Survive: foreign competition and the role of human capital - with Margarita Lopez Forero (Université d'Evry-Paris Saclay). Draft available upon request!


    We empirically investigate the way in which foreign competition affects firm survival and survival modes in terms of employment size and how this relation varies with firms’ share of skilled labor. Using French firm level data in manufacturing sector and applying a Multinomial Logit model, our results imply that skilled labor is positively related to firm survival and firm growth and that there seems to exist an optimal level of skilled labor share, beyond which additional increases in the share are related to higher probabilities of exiting and of firm contraction. Competing effects on firm exit and survival likelihoods are found for import penetration. On the one hand, a stronger competition pressure pushes firms out of the market, to downsize employment and prevents them to expand. On the other hand, the “supply channel” decreases exiting and contraction probabilities and increases expansion probabilities. Our results show a clear pattern between the conditional effect of import penetration and shares of skilled labor, where human capital rises the firm’s ability to face foreign competition by decreasing probabilities of firm exit and contraction and increasing that of expansion.


  • Effect on native workers when immigrants leave: new analysis on longitudinal data.

     with Maël Astruc (ENS) and Cem Ozguzel (OECD).

  • Capital Taxation and Skill-biased Recoveries from Financial Crises

with Margarita Lopez Forero (Université d'Evry-Paris Saclay) and Malo Mofakhami (Université Paris XIII).

> partly fouded by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche under the framework of the Investissements d’avenir programme reference ANR-17-EURE-001.

  • Synthetic panel and short-term forecasting.

with Paul Favier (ARCEP) and Germain Marchand (Veltys)