Within the framework of the International Migration Economics Chair, policy briefs are regularly published to clarify specific research topics related to the Chair’s research.
Is there an impact of immigration on productivity? The (assortative) matching channel by Gianluca Orefice and Giovanni Peri
There is strong causal evidence that immigrants contribute to enhance productivity in the host economy. Past literature has shown that immigrants increase innovation and bring about complementary skills and knowledges that generate such productivity-enhancing effects. The article summarized in this policy brief uncovers a new mechanism which has to do with the quality of the (assortative) matching between workers and firms that takes place when immigrants contribute to make the labor market thicker and more diverse.
Do immigrants take the jobs of natives? This is maybe the oldest question when it comes to the economics of immigration, and one that is time and again resurfacing in the public debate, in particular in times of economic crisis and of rising migration flows. This policy brief tackles this question at the level of European regions and shows that while natives’ employment initially declines in response to more immigration, it recovers after about 5 years. This zero long-run effect is an average, with losses for low-skill native workers who compete with immigrants and positive gains for high-skill workers (even in the short-run, due to complementarity effects).
As part of the last PSE Annual Conference on Global Issues held in May 2023, the International Migration Economics Chair organized a session of presentation of the World Development Report 2023 dedicated to “Migrants, Refugees and Societies” by one of its three main authors, lead economist Çaglar Özden.
Can irrigation reduce climate change-related migration? by Katrin Millock
How will climate change affect migration patterns across the globe? Among the main mechanisms that have been identified is the effect of rising temperatures on the agricultural sector. It is a sector that is of particular concern for adaptation policies, particularly in poor countries whose economies depend on agriculture. In this policy brief, Katrin Millock discusses her recent research on how access to irrigation affects the relation between rising temperatures and migration, and the importance of understanding the interactions between migration as adaptation to climate change and other adaptation strategies, in terms of policy implications.
Migration and innovation: A conversation with Francesco Lissoni with Francesco Lissoni
In this interview, Francesco Lissoni details the innovation implications of the free movement of people based on the agreement signed in 1999 between Switzerland and the EU. By moving to the Swiss regions bordering the EU, European inventors have boosted the number of patents filed in Switzerland without causing a “brain drain” in their country of origin. Furthermore, one of the public policy conclusions is that the free movement of people can have important benefits for European countries themselves through knowledge transfer.
In the context of the war in Ukraine, Hillel Rapoport recalls that early access to the German labour market for Yugoslav refugees in the 1990s not only increased their chances of successful economic integration (if they stay) but also generated a positive externality (if they return) for the country of origin, as returning refugees bring back with them the accumulated human and social capital gained from working abroad.
Immigration is the key to emerging markets becoming innovation hubs with Sara Signorelli
In this note, Sara Signorelli and co-authors explore whether and to what extent the innovation performance of multinational enterprises (MNEs) changes as a result of immigration reforms that relax or tighten barriers to immigration into a country.
Their results show that pro-immigration reforms significantly increase the number of patents filed by the MNEs in a country, while the opposite is true for policies discouraging labour migration.
The International Migration Economics Chair aims to create a place open to society in order to disseminate, share and discuss the findings of scientific studies on a major societal issue. It will conduct rigorous work based on historical and contemporary data to better understand the motivations and implications of international migration for the global economy as well as for receiving and sending countries.