- Gig Workers during the COVID-19 Crisis in France: Financial Precarity and Mental Well-Being - Bénédicte Apouey (PSE, CNRS), Alexandra Roulet (INSEAD), Isabelle Solal (INSEAD) and Mark Stabile (INSEAD)
- COVID-19, Lockdowns and Well-Being: Evidence from Google Trends - Andrew Clark (PSE, CNRS), Abel Brodeur (University of Ottawa), Sarah Flèche (AMSE) and Nattavudh Powdthavee (Warwick Business School)
- Special Issue: Environmental Economics of the Coronavirus Pandemic - Co-edited by Katrin Millock (PSE, CNRS)
Last updated: October 7, 2020
Gig Workers during the COVID-19 Crisis in France: Financial Precarity and Mental Well-Being
We set out to explore how precarious workers, particularly those employed in the gig economy, balance financial uncertainty, health risks, and mental well-being. We surveyed and interviewed precarious workers in France during the COVID-19 crisis, in March and April 2020. We oversampled gig economy workers, in particular in driving and food delivery occupations (hereafter drivers and bikers), residing in metropolitan areas. These workers cannot rely on stable incomes and are excluded from the labor protections offered to employees, features which have been exacerbated by the crisis. We analyzed outcomes for precarious workers during the mandatory lockdown in France as an extreme case to better understand how financial precarity relates to health risks and mental well-being. Our analysis revealed that 3 weeks into the lockdown, 56% of our overall sample had stopped working and respondents had experienced a 28% income drop on average. Gig economy drivers reported a significant 20 percentage point larger income decrease than other workers in our sample. Bikers were significantly more likely to have continued working outside the home during the lockdown. Yet our quantitative analysis also revealed that stress and anxiety levels were not higher for these groups and that bikers in fact reported significantly lower stress levels during the lockdown. While this positive association between being a biker and mental health may be interpreted in different ways, our qualitative data led to a nuanced understanding of the effect of gig work on mental well-being in this population group..
- Authors: Bénédicte Apouey (PSE, CNRS), Alexandra Roulet (INSEAD), Isabelle Solal (INSEAD) et Mark Stabile (INSEAD)
- Associated column: VOXeu, 1 avril 2020 - COVID-19, inequality, and gig economy workers
- Publication: Gig Workers during the COVID-19 Crisis in France: Financial Precarity and Mental Well-Being
- References: Journal of Urban Health (2020)
COVID-19, Lockdowns and Well-Being: Evidence from Google Trend
The COVID-19 pandemic has led many governments to implement lockdowns. While lockdowns may help to contain the spread of the virus, they may result in substantial damage to population well-being. We use Google Trends data to test whether the lockdowns implemented in Europe and America led to changes in well-being related topic search terms. Using differences-in-differences and a regression discontinuity design to evaluate the causal effects of lockdown, we find a substantial increase in the search intensity for boredom in Europe and the US. We also found a significant increase in searches for loneliness, worry and sadness, while searches for stress, suicide and divorce on the contrary fell. Our results suggest that people’s mental health may have been severely affected by the lockdown.
- Authors: Andrew Clark (PSE, CNRS), Abel Brodeur (University of Ottawa), Sarah Flèche (AMSE) and Nattavudh Powdthavee (Warwick Business School)
- Publication: COVID-19, Lockdowns and Well-Being: Evidence from Google Trends
- References: conditionally accepted in: Journal of Public Economics
- Discussion paper previously released: IZA DP No. 13204 - COVID-19, Lockdowns and Well-Being: Evidence from Google Trends
Special Issue: Environmental Economics of the Coronavirus Pandemic
Katrin Millock (PSE, CNRS) has co-edited a special issue of Environmental and Resource Economics, that includes both theoretical models and econometric analyses of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the natural environment, and that offers policy ideas for green recovery. In particular, the articles in the issue explore the links between air pollution and COVID-19 health impacts, implications for climate change mitigation policies, and priorities for green recovery policies.
- Authors: Ian J. Bateman, Astrid Dannenberg, Robert Elliott, Michael Finus, Phoebe Koundouri, Katrin Millock, Alistair Munro, Elizabeth J. Z. Robinson, Daniel Rondeau, Ingmar Schumacher, Eric Strobl & Anastasios Xepapadeas
- Special Issue: Environmental Economics of the Coronavirus Pandemic
- Editorial: Economics of the Environment in the Shadow of Coronavirus
- References : Environmental and Resource Economics, 76(4), pages 519–523, August 2020